DWARF GOURAMI (Trichogaster lalius)

Know Your Fish

Dwarf Gourami is a small fish in the Gourami family. They are native to India, Pakistan & Bangladesh.Natural habitat of this fish are lakes, ponds, ditches, slow moving waters which are vegetated. Dwarf Gourami are "Labyrinths" (labyrinth is an organ which allows fish to breathe Atmospheric air). The Pelvic fins of this fish are modified into Antenna-like which  have touch sensitive cells, Dwarf Gourami's use this to feel their surroundings. Some claim that the fish can reach over 3.5 inches in length, however the average size remain's 2 inches in the Aquarium. Naturally occurring species have slanting stripes which are red & blue lines across their body. Few types of Dwarf Gourami in the hobby are Red Flame Gourami & Powder Blue Gourami..

Lifespan of dwarf Gourami

More then 3 years in an aquarium, some can live past 5 years.

Male Dwarf Gourami

Male Dwarf Gourami are bigger than females & more colorful. The Dorsal fin is more pointed.

Female Dwarf Gourami

Female Dwarf Gourami are smaller & are less colored compared to Males. The Dorsal fin is curved. Naturally occurring Dwarf Gourami Female species are more silvery in color.

Dwarf Gourami Aquarium Care

Aquarium Care of Dwarf Gourami is relatively easy. They are shy & less aggressive fish, during breeding the male might get territorial & aggressive chasing other tank mates. Below information will help set-up a Dwarf Gourami Tank.

Tank Size for dwarf Gourami

Minimum 15 Gallon or more for a Male & 2 to 3 females. 

Tank Decoration

Dwarf Gourami's Natural Habitat includes water bodies which are highly vegetated, mimicking this is an Aquarium will make Dwarf Gourami thrive. Another reason Live plants are recommended in Dwarf Gourami tank is because they use plant material in their bubble nest they build. Driftwood is also recommended as it gets a natural look to the tank & helps maintain pH. Rocks can be used to create cave like structures. Sand/Gravel which helps plant growth can be used. Dwarf Gourami spend more time at the surface & middle area of the tank, hence floating plants can be considered. Filtration with minimal movement in the tank using HOB filter is best suited for this set-up.

Temperature Range

(72–82 °F or 22.2–27.8 °C)

pH Range

6.5 to 7.5 is the pH range ( there should never be drastic change's in the pH level)  

Water hardness

5 to 18 dGH

What to Feed Dwarf Gourami

Dwarf Gourami are Omnivores, readily available food can be Fed which includes Pellets, Flakes, Freeze Dried Worms etc.

Tank Mates for Dwarf Gourami

Dwarf Gourami can be kept in community tank with similar size & temperament fish. Tank size & Tank Decoration plays an important role. This includes Zebra Danio, Mollies, Platies, Swordtail, Botia Danio, Black Neon Tetra, Serpae Tetra, Giant Danio, Dwarf Neon rainbow fish, Pencil Fish, Rosy barbs, Pearl Gourami, & so on. Sometime Male Dwarf Gourami may be aggressive to smaller fish so watch-out for aggression in Tank. Dwarf Gourami aggression is subdued when there are bigger fish in the aquarium.

Breeding Dwarf Gourami

Dwarf  Gourami Males build bubble nest, they use plant material in the nest. Once the nest is built they would approach female & start to flare fins swimming around the female, once the female is ready the eggs are laid under the nest, the male fertilizes the eggs & then secures the eggs in the nest by building bubbles under them. Dwarf Gourami fry hatch in 12 to 24 hours, Females may lay up to 300 or more eggs.  the male protects the eggs & later the fry for 2 to 3 days (Fry are free swimming in 2 to 3 days of time). The Female needs to be removed from the nest after spawning & the male has to be removed once the fry are free swimming to avoid the fry being eaten by the male. Dwarf Gourami Fry can be fed baby brine shrimp & crushed flakes. The fry mature in about 4 to 6 months of time.

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Opaline Blue Gourami

Blue Opaline Gourami | www.aquakri.com

Common Types of  Gourami Fish

Opaline Gourami is a morphed form of  3 spot Gourami, its also called marbled Gourami due to the markings on their body


Dwarf Gourami Gallery

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