Green Tiger Barb / Moss Green Tiger Barb
Green Tiger Barbs are color morphs of the regular Tiger Barbs or Golden Tiger barbs, they are a result of captive selective breeding over the years. Another common color morph of Tiger Barbs are the Albino Tiger Barbs. There are other types like the Tiger barbs with florescent colors, these glowing fish or GloFish which are genetically modified to get the florescent colors may not be legal in many countries, so do check if they are legal before getting these fish home.
Green Tiger barbs share the exact same behavior as the Golden tiger barbs & their requirements are also similar in an aquarium. If kept along with other color morphs of tiger barbs, the green tiger barb appears to be unaffected & treats them like its own. However, if the number of green tiger barbs are more, they seem to school by them-self, its an interesting behavior as in lesser numbers they seem to mix with other variants. Other common names for the green tiger barb is moss green tiger barbs, green moss tiger barb, moss-banded tiger barb, platinum green tiger barb; however the most common name remains green tiger barb.
The color which the green tiger barb displays seem to appear different than green, based on the lighting, stress, age etc. Most see the color as Black & some call it Black Tiger barb, sometimes the color appear more bluish than green. When the green tiger barb ages the colors somewhat fade away, the belly area turns more silverish. A good quality Green tiger barb has a vibrant dark green color on the body with red coloration on the tip of the nose & fins. Green Tiger barb should also be kept in a group of six or more, lesser numbers seem to impact their behavior, sometimes they may be aggressive towards other tank mates or they seem less active. This rule of keeping a group of 6 or more applies to all schooling fish. The scientific name associated with the Green tiger barb is Puntigrus tetrazona, this may not be accurate as there are 5 species under the Genus Puntigrus & none seem to exactly match the captive bred Tiger barbs in the fish keeping hobby.
Know your Green Tiger Barbs
Visual differences between Male & Female Green Tiger Barbs
Male Green Tiger Barbs appear smaller than Females, more Vibrantly colored. Most types of Male Tiger barbs in the hobby have reddish tip to its dorsal fin & gets reddish coloration on its nose when breeding.
Female Green Tiger Barbs are rounded in the abdominal area as they carry eggs. Females are larger in size than males & few female captive bred tiger barbs have black dorsal fin without the red tip. This may not apply to all variants of Female tiger barbs.
How to Care for Green Tiger Barbs in an Aquarium?
Moss Green Tiger Barbs adds to the contrast in a Planted aquarium; as they are a schooling fish they should be kept in a group of 6 or more. If a Green tiger barb is not kept in a group there would be behavioral changes observed, the fish is less active & seem to be more aggressive to same sized fish in the aquarium. When kept in a group of 6 or more in a community aquarium with compatible tank mates, their aggression seems to be subdued & they are usually busy picking a pecking order within themselves. These are semi-aggressive fish even though captive bred their behavior has not changed, they can create a havoc in your aquarium if kept with docile, slow moving or long finned fish, as they can be nasty fin-nippers. You can mix other variants of Tiger barbs like the Golden tiger barb & Albino tiger barb with the Platinum Green Tiger Barb with any issue.
What your Platinum Green Tiger Barbs need?
Aquarium size for Tiger Barbs: If you are keeping about six tiger barbs a 20 gallon would suffice; anything more with other tank mates, a 30 gallon would be required. These fish grow over 2 inches in an aquarium & prefer adequate open area to swim, providing Green Tiger barbs with the right tank size & right tank decor will only help them thrive in your aquarium
Aquarium decoration: In a Green Tiger Barb Aquarium you would require live plants; their natural habitat is clear water which is usually acidic & vegetated; mimicking this would be the way to go. You can use the mid ground & back ground plants and leave the front area of the aquarium for them to swim in a school. Plants like Cabomba, Water Lilly, Amazon Sword, Vallisneria, Dollar Plant etc. can be used along with rocks & driftwood to decorate the aquarium. Driftwood & white sand at the bottom seem to increase the appeal of an aquarium with Green tiger barbs in it.
Temperature range: 77 to 82 °F or 25 to 27.8 °C, Green tiger barbs like warm water. If the temperature in aquarium is not steady or drops below the ideal temperature it might affect their health.
pH range: 6.5 to 7.5, whats important in Green Tiger barb tank is pH level should never change drastically. Natural habit of these fish is clear flowing water with vegetation. They prefer a little acidic water conditions. You can achieve this by adding driftwood or Indian Almond Leaf in your aquarium.
Water Hardness: Soft to moderately hard 5 to 15 dGH, i.e. under 180 ppm.
Lights : If you are planning on live plants in your tank like tiger barbs prefer, make sure you get suitable light for your plants. If you get artificial plants any light will do. Just make sure the light does not heat up the water in the tank too much. Remember to turn the light on & off everyday at the same time or as required by the plants you have in the aquarium.
Filter/Air pump : Filter will help you keep the tank clean & an Air pump will keep the tank nicely oxygenated; if you have fry or planning to breed Green Tiger barbs, you can use a sponge filter powered by air-pump. Green Tiger barbs require good aeration in the aquarium, if not they would be swimming to surface to breathe & this is not a good sight. They tolerate moderate water movement in the tank.
Water conditioner : Tap water in most places are treated with chlorine. This is not good for fish. So get a water conditioner & make the water safe.
What to feed Green Tiger Barbs: Tiger barbs eat readily available fish food, pellets, flakes, live & frozen food can be fed. They love to eat blood worms, daphnia, micro worms. These fish are Omnivores, in the wild these fish consume small aquatic life & plant material.
Tank Mates for Green Tiger Barbs
Green Tiger barbs fall under semi-aggressive barbs just like the golden tiger barbs, choosing the right tank mates would be the key to have peaceful aquarium. In an Green Tiger barb aquarium avoid sluggish slow moving fish or any fish with long fin. Green Tiger barbs can be nasty fin-nippers, when they do go after a fish, they do it as a gang. Fish like Betta, Guppy, Angelfish even few Gouramis should be avoided.
Best tank mates for Green Tiger Barbs are Tiger Barbs, these fish do well in a group of 6 or more & seem to behave well. What appears to be Green Tiger barbs fighting among themselves is them picking a pecking order or hierarchy within the the group. In a large group they appear to be more at peace. Aggression is more when kept in a small group of less than five.
Green Tiger Barbs can be kept along with other color morphs like the Golden tiger barb & Albino tiger barb. They all group & school at times. You can check out my video on them.
Best tank mates which worked for me with Tiger Barbs were Rosy barbs, Serpae tetra (short-finned), Redeyed Tetra, Clown Loach, Yoyo Loach, Rainbow shark, Red Tail shark, Zebra danios, Giant Danio, Western Rainbow fish, Chinese Algae eater. They can also be kept with Live-bearers like Platies, Mollies & Sword tail but aggression should be monitored. A 30 gallon or bigger tank is the minimum required in case you are considering a community aquarium with tiger barbs.
Breeding Green Tiger Barbs
Green Tiger barbs are not great parents like Cichlids; they scatter their eggs after spawning & usually eat them. In case you want to breed you would require a separate breeding aquarium, with a sponge filter. The aquarium should be mildly lit or completely avoid lighting, you can add Java moss & cover the bottom of the tank or use any plastic mesh where the eggs can fall into without the adult fish getting there to eat them. You can introduce well-conditioned Males & Females with eggs about 2 or 3 pairs into the tank. Moss Green Tiger barbs mature in about 3 to 4 months of age. What triggers spawning is the pH level & raise in temperature. Green Tiger barbs spawn more often in acidic water condition usually below 7 pH & a 2 degree raise in water temperature. You can add Indian Almond Leaf to the breeding tank, this would slowly reduce the pH below 7. Keep the adult fish in the aquarium for a day or 2 & check if they laid eggs using a torch light. Remove the adult fish if you spot eggs at the bottom. Each female tiger barb may lay up to 200 eggs after a single spawn. The eggs are translucent about the size of a sand grain, eggs hatch in about 24 to 48 hours. The Green Tiger barb fry once born would absorb nutrients from the yolk sac & are free swimming in about a day or two.
Green Tiger Barb Fry Care
Since, adult Green Tiger barb show no parental care, in case you are breeding tiger barbs in an aquarium you must care for them in a separate Nursery tank/ Grow-out Tank to ensure higher survival rate of the fry. If Tiger barbs do spawn in the main tank & somehow the adult Green Tiger barbs did not eat the eggs, fry will be eaten if spotted for sure. So a breeding Tank would be required first for the Adult Moss Green Tiger Barbs to spawn & later the fry can be taken care in the same tank.
Eggs hatch in about 24 to 48 hours; once Green Tiger Barb Fry are born they would absorb nutrition's from the yolk sac for a day or 2. Usually the Tiger barb fry are free swimming in 24 hours after they are hatched, after 2 to 3 days you can start feeding them food. Tiger barb fry consume baby brine Shrimp, crushed flakes, mosquito larvae, micro worms, infusoria etc. Feed the fry at least 3 times a day & follow about 25% water change every 3 days. Keeping plants in the breeding tank helps the fry with shelter, conditioning water & also they consume plant matter. The tank should be at least 10 to 15 gallon or bigger as each spawn would have more than 100 fry on an average. After the fry are free swimming remove the unhatched eggs as there would be fungal growth on it if not removed this could contaminate the water & effect the health of the new born fry. I use the aquarium air pump pipe & remove the debris on the tank bottom. Adding Indian almond leaf to the Tiger barb fry tank also helps with their health & achieving optimal growth rate. The temperature should be around 78 to 80°F as I find at these temperature the fry seem to grow faster. Ideal pH for Tiger Barbs Fry is around 7 without drastic changes.
Green Tiger Barbs Fish Gallery
Schooling, they should be kept in a group of six or more This would avoid unnecessary aggression.